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batik perempuan 2 batik perempuan 3 batik perempuan 1 batik perempuan 2 batik laki2 banyak batik laki2 4 batik laki2 3 batik laki2 2In this era, Batik become a famous wears in indonesia, especially in bojonegoro. There are many kinds of batik, such as batik pekalongan, batik solo, batik jonegoroan,etc. Batik Business has a big opportunity to get a big profit. Especially in this ramadhan moment, before moeslems celebrate idul fitri, the orders of batik and moeslem wears get high increasing.

UD. Wijaya Kusuma is an agent of Batik and moeslem wears that was build on 2002 by Mr. Rahma Aulia Hidayat. It takes place at Nglumber village, Kepohbaru, Bojonegoro. There are many kinds of Batik wears that are sold there, such as shirt, dress, couple wears, and moeslem wears. The products are taked from Pekalongan, Solo, and Tuban. UD. Wijaya Kusuma sells the products by distributing at many traditional markets around Bojonegoro. As an information, we attach our interview wiyh Mr. Rahma Aulia Hidayat :

We :             “What kinds of product do you sell sir?”

Mr. Rahma : ” We sell many kinds of Batik wears, like Shirt, dress, Couple Batik wears and  also  moeslem wears for male and female”

We :             ” Which one of your product that get a great selling or most wanted in the market?”

Mr.Rahma : “Hmm.. I think Batik Couple wear is the most wanted in the market. The biggest marketing of our product is from it”

We : ” What are the the differences between your product and others product ?”

Mr. Rahma : Our differences is on the cost, the models, and the motif of Batik. The cost of our products are  relatively cheaper than other shop. We also sell many kinds of models of batik. the motif also unique and interesting. It’s about Rp.35.000,00 until Rp.200.000,00

We : ” May  we know the profit you get in a month?”

Mrm Rahma : ” In a month usually we get Rp.3.000.000,00 until Rp.5.000.000,00″

for Ordering call : Mr. Rahma  (085649910070) or

order by facebook on account “rahma aulia hidayat”

The cost of product above :

Batik Shirt For male & female : Rp.35.000- Rp.45.000

Batik Couple wear : Rp. 70.000

Female Dress : Rp.100.000 – Rp.200.000 Image

UD. WIJAYA KUSUMA By: Nuraini (10120048), chafid felany (10120014), Syaiful sulistiyandri (10120065)

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Quranic wisdom for Men and Women

Al-Ahzab (The Confederates)
Chapter 33: Verse 35

Equal Footing
“For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.“

Initially, Quranic verses used only the masculine plural form to refer to the women and men in the new faith community. For years, “believers” (al-muminun), and “the truthful” (as-sadiqun), either referred specifically to men or to the men and women who constituted the Prophet’s first Companions. Once, a woman (or several, according to the different traditions) asked the Prophet why women were not explicitly mentioned in the revealed message. The Book – which, while revealing a universal message, also included responses to the questions asked by the Men around the Prophet – was later to mention women and men distinctively, as in the above verse.

This evolution of the message is part of divine teaching in the process of revelation carried out over twenty-three years: the faithful are thus led to evolve in their understanding of things and critically reconsider some of their cultural or social practices. The status of women, who were sometimes killed at birth because of the shame they might bring, was to be reformed in stages, as verses were revealed.

It thus appeared more and more clearly that the Quran’s message and the Prophet’s attitude were apt to free women from the cultural shackles of Arab tribes and clans and from the practices of the time. The Creator addresses women as being on an equal footing with men, their status as beings and believers is the same as men’s, and the requirements of worship are absolutely identical.

Quranic wisdom for Men and WomenAl-Ahzab (The Confederates) Chapter

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Air Pollution May be to Blame for Honeybee Population Collapse

(NaturalNews) Air pollution is making it harder for bees and other pollinating insects to find food, according to a new study conducted by researchers from the University of Virginia.

Pollutants such as ozone (smog) and nitrate radicals, formed mostly as a consequence of car exhaust, are binding with the volatile scent molecules given off by flowers, the scientists found. This chemically alters the molecules so that they no longer carry a sweet scent, and do not attract pollinating insects to plants.

“Scent molecules produced by flowers in a less polluted environment could travel for roughly 1,000 to 1,200 meters,” said lead researcher Jose Fuentes. “But today they may travel only 200 to 300 meters. This makes it increasingly difficult for bees and other insects to locate the flowers.”

Pollinating insects like bees feed on the nectar from flowering plants. Thus air pollution is having a direct impact on these insects by making it harder for them to find food. Since a plant that is not pollinated cannot reproduce, pollution also leads to an overall reduction in the number of these plants, the researchers said, so that there is even less food available for the insects.

Populations of bees and other pollinating insects have drastically declined in many parts of the world – most dramatically in the United States, where up to 25 percent of honeybee colonies have been lost to colony collapse disorder.

Colony collapse disorder describes the still-unexplained desertion of a hive by its bees.

The researchers suggested that a difficulty finding food due to air pollution may be partially responsible for the decline in bee populations. Because insects rely heavily on scents for a variety of functions, the scientists expressed concerns that pollution might also be hampering mate attraction and defense against predators.

Honeybees are the primary pollinators for 80 percent of the world’s food crops.

Air Pollution May be to Blame for Honeybee

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Articles

The 3 articles in English are a, an and the. The learner has to decide noun-by-noun which one of the articles to use*. In fact, there are 4 choices to make, because sometimes no article is necessary. Native-speakers, of course, use the articles correctly without thinking. English learners, on the other hand, need to have some guidelines for making the right choice – particularly those learners whose own language does not have articles, such as Japanese or Korean. The guidelines that follow here should help ESL students to a basic understanding of English article use.

The most important first step in choosing the correct article is to categorize the noun as count or uncount**:

– A count noun is a noun that can have a number in front of it: 1 teacher, 3 books, 76 trombones, 1,000,000 people.

– An uncount noun is a noun that cannot have a number put in front of it: 1 water, 2 lucks, 10 airs, 21 oils, 39 informations. Once you have correctly categorized the noun (using your dictionary if necessary), the following “rules” apply:

Uncount nouns

  • You cannot say a/an with an uncount noun.
  • You cannot put a number in front of an uncount noun. (You cannot make an uncount noun plural.)
  • You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean that thing in general.
  • You use the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.

Count nouns

  • You can put a number in front of a count noun. (You can make a count noun plural.)
  • You can put both a/an and the in front of a count noun.
  • You must put an article** in front of a singular count noun.
  • You use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
  • You usually use a/an with a count noun the first time you say or write that noun.
  • You use the with count nouns:
    • the second and subsequent times you use the noun in a piece of speech or writing
    • when the listener knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing)
  • You use an (not a) when the next word (adverb, adjective, noun) starts with a vowel sound.

Note:

    • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
    • Some nouns can be either count or uncount, depending on the context and meaning:
      • Do you have paper? I want to draw a picture. (uncount = a sheet of paper)
      • Can you get me a paper when you’re at the shop? (count = a newspaper)
    • Uncount nouns are often preceded by phrases such as: a lot of .. (luck), a piece of .. (cake), a bottle of .. (milk), a grain of .. (rice).
    • * Instead of an article, the noun can also be preceded by a determiner such as

this, that, some, many

      or

my, his, our

    , etc.

Following are some of the most important guidelines listed above, with example sentences:

 

1. You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
  • I need help!
  • I don’t eat cheese.
  • Do you like music?
2. You use the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.
  • Thanks for the help you gave me yesterday.
  • I didn’t eat the cheese. It was green!
  • Did you like the music they played at the dance?
3. You usually use a/an with a count noun the first time you say or write that noun.
  • Can I borrow a pencil, please?
  • There’s a cat in the garden!
  • Do you have an mp3 player?
4. You use the with count nouns the second and subsequent times you use the noun, or when the listener already knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing).
  • Where’s the pencil I lent you yesterday?
  • I think the cat belongs to the new neighbours.
  • I dropped the mp3 player and it broke.
  • Please shut the door!
5. You use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
  • I don’t like dogs.
  • Do they have children?
  • I don’t need questions. Give me answers!
6. The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • I don’t eat German cheese.
  • Can I borrow a red pencil, please?
  • There’s an extremely large cat in the garden!
  • I don’t like small, noisy children.

This page contains short, generalized information about this enormously complex aspect of English grammar. For more detailed information, consult a good reference work such as Swan’s Practical English Usage. And do not worry too much about article mistakes – only very rarely will they cause your listener or reader to misunderstand you!

How to use the articles correctly in English

Do some quizzes on article use.


A good dictionary that tells you whether a noun is count or uncount is the Cambridge English Online Dictionary.

 
Frankfurt International School: Art and artists. (Click to see at full size.)

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Indonesia Struggles to End Fuel Subsidies

Jalin/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Demonstrators burned tires as thousands of Indonesians marched on the May 1 holiday to protest a proposed rise in fuel prices.

By JOE COCHRANE
Published: May 2, 2013

JAKARTA, Indonesia — The fruit and vegetables that slowly gather flies in the morning heat at the Bendungan Hilir market in central Jakarta include both imported and Indonesian produce, but according to local sellers, origin does not matter: Everything is expensive.

Indonesians are accustomed to the pain of rising food prices in a country where about 100 million people live on $2 a day or less. But both patrons and vendors at the market think things will get worse: The low fuel prices they count on, kept among the cheapest in the world by aggressive subsidies, may soon skyrocket, too.

The national government has announced it wants to increase the price of gasoline, because state subsidies that keep it well below the international market rate are burning a hole in the budget.

The country’s Finance Ministry says spending on fuel subsidies could reach $23 billion in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year. Total subsidies for electricity and fuel could end up costing about $32 billion, or 20 percent of the 2013 budget. The Indonesian government’s statistics show that it spends more on fuel subsidies annually than it does on social programs and capital expenditures combined.

On Tuesday, PresidentSusilo Bambang Yudhoyonosaid he would submit a revised 2013 budget to the House of Representatives in May that would include a fuel price increase, but would also revive a cash compensation program for poor families to cushion the blow.

“Usually when the price of gasoline goes up, all other prices go up,” said Therasa Natalia, 22, who runs a noodle stall in the market. “It pushes up transportation costs, and everything from food to clothes is higher. Even if it’s only private cars paying more, everything will go up. It’s always like that.”

Last month, Mr. Yudhoyono’s government floated the idea of a two-tier gasoline pricing plan meant to shield Indonesia’s poor and lower classes from higher costs.

People who drive motorcycles and public transportation vehicles would continue to pay 4,500 rupiah per liter, or about $1.74 per gallon, while owners of private vehicle and commercial vehicles like delivery trucks and company cars would pay 6,000 rupiah, a 33 percent increase.

However, cabinet ministers and aides to Mr. Yudhoyono said this week that under the new plan, fuel prices would probably increase for everyone to 6,500 rupiah per liter. On Wednesday, tens of thousands of people from labor unions and groups representing women, students and environmentalists protested that proposal during street marches to observe Labor Day.

Although Indonesia has a plenty of oil production fields and is among the top 25 oil-producing nations in the world, it is a net importer of petroleum. Gasoline is so heavily subsidized that at the end of 2012, the country had the lowest fuel prices of any net oil-consuming nation in the world, according to the World Bank. The second-lowest was the United States, where a gallon sold for $3.29 on Dec. 31 — nearly twice as much as in Indonesia.

The Indonesian Finance Ministry has estimated that the country will exceed the 2013 budget quota of 46 trillion liters, or 12 trillion gallons, of subsidized fuel by at least 15 percent or more. Savings from eliminating or reducing a fuel subsidy could go to crucial public social programs including health care, as well as much-needed infrastructure investment, according to analysts.

Ms. Natalia said she would be willing to endure higher gasoline prices — and the accompanying increases in the prices of food, clothing and other items — if the government would spend every penny of the money it saved on social and national development programs.

But even then, she had doubts. Ms. Natalia predicted that unscrupulous traders would start hoarding staple foods like rice before a fuel price increase to drive prices up even further, perhaps setting off a crime wave in Jakarta.

“It’s the ordinary people who are victimized,” she said.

Indonesia Struggles to End Fuel SubsidiesJalin/Agence France-Presse —