The Borobudur Temple


Borobudur is a Hindhu-Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra dynasty of Java. it is located near Magelang, on the island of Java, Indonesia.

Abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by archaeologists in the early 20th century, Borobudur temple is well-known all over the world.

Influenced by the Gupta architecture of India, the temple is constructed on a hill 46m (150 ft) high and consist of eight-step like stone terraces, one on top of the other.

the first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief; the upper three are circular, each with a circle of bell-shaped stupas (Buddhist shrines)

The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8km of passages and stairways.

The design of Borobudur. a temlpe mountain symbollzing the structure of universe, is similer to the temples built at Angkor, Cambodia.

The Borobudur temple. rededicated as an Indonesian national monument in 1983, is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.


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